• Description Without Place

    Wallace Stevens

    Fall 1945


    It is possible that to seem—it is to be,
    As the sun is something seeming and it is.

    The sun is an example. What it seems
    It is and in such seeming all things are.

    Thus things are like a seeming of the sun
    Or like a seeming of the moon or night

    Or sleep. It was a queen that made it seem
    By the illustrious nothing of her name.

    Her green mind made the world around her green.
    The queen is an example. . . . This green queen

    In the seeming of the summer of her sun
    By her own seeming made the summer change.

    In the golden vacancy she came, and comes,
    And seems to be on the saying of her name.

    Her time becomes again, as it became,
    The crown and week-day coronal of her fame.


    Such seemings are the actual ones: the way
    Things look each day, each morning, or the style

    Peculiar to the queen, this queen or that,
    The lesser seeming original in the blind

    Forward of the eye that, in its backward, sees
    The greater seeming of the major mind.

    An age is a manner collected from a queen.
    An age is green or red. An age believes

    Or it denies. An age is a solitude
    Or a barricade against the singular man

    By the incalculably plural. Hence
    Its identity is merely a thing that seems,

    In the seeming of an original in the eye,
    In the major manner of a queen, the green

    The red, the blue, the argent queen. If not,
    What subtlety would apparition have?

    In flat appearance we should be and be,
    Except for delicate clinkings not explained.

    These are the actual seemings that we see,
    Hear, feel and know. We feel and know them so.


    There are potential seemings, arrogant
    To be, as on the youngest poet’s page,

    Or in the dark musician, listening
    To hear more brightly the contriving chords.

    There are potential seemings turbulent
    In the death of a soldier, like the utmost will,
    The more than human commonplace of blood,
    The breath that gushes upward and is gone,

    And another breath emerging out of death,
    That speaks for him such seemings as death gives.

    There might be, too, a change immenser than
    A poet’s metaphors in which being would

    Come true, a point in the fire of music where
    Dazzle yields to a clarity and we observe,

    And observing is completing and we are content,
    In a world that shrinks to an immediate whole,

    That we do not need to understand, complete
    Without secret arrangements of it in the mind.

    There might be in the curling-out of spring
    A purple-leaping element that forth

    Would froth the whole heaven with its seeming-so,
    The intentions of a mind as yet unknown,

    The spirit of one dwelling in a seed,
    Itself that seed’s ripe, unpredictable fruit.

    Things are as they seemed to Calvin or to Anne
    Of England, to Pablo Neruda in Ceylon,

    To Nietzsche in Basel, to Lenin by a lake.
    But the integrations of the past are like

    A Museo Olimpico, so much,
    So little, our affair, which is the affair

    Of the possible: seemings that are to be,
    Seemings that it is possible may be.


    Nietzsche in Basel studied the deep pool
    Of these discolorations, mastering

    The moving and the moving of their forms
    In the much-mottled motion of blank time.

    His revery was the deepness of the pool,
    The very pool, his thoughts the colored forms,

    The eccentric souvenirs of human shapes,
    Wrapped in their seemings, crowd on curious crowd,

    In a kind of total affluence, all first,
    All final, colors subjected in revery

    To an innate grandiose, an innate light,
    The sun of Nietzsche gildering the pool,

    Yes: gildering the swarm-like manias
    In perpetual revolution, round and round. . . .

    Lenin on a bench beside a lake disturbed
    The swans. He was not the man for swans.

    The slouch of his body and his look were not
    In suavest keeping. The shoes, the clothes, the hat

    Suited the decadence of those silences,
    In which he sat. All chariots were drowned. The swans

    Moved on the buried water where they lay.
    Lenin took bread from his pocket, scattered it—

    The swans fled outward to remoter reaches,
    As if they knew of distant beaches; and were

    Dissolved. The distances of space and time
    Were one and swans far off were swans to come.

    The eye of Lenin kept the far-off shapes.
    His mind raised up, down-drowned, the chariots.

    And reaches, beaches, tomorrow’s regions became
    One thinking of apocalyptic legions.


    If seeming is description without place,
    The spirit’s universe, then a summer’s day,

    Even the seeming of a summer’s day,
    Is description without place. It is a sense

    To which we refer experience, a knowledge
    Incognito, the column in the desert,

    On which the dove alights. Description is
    Composed of a sight indifferent to the eye.

    It is an expectation, a desire,
    A palm that rises up beyond the sea,

    A little different from reality:
    The difference that we make in what we see

    And our memorials of that difference,
    Sprinklings of bright particulars from the sky.

    The future is description without place,
    The categorical predicate, the arc.

    It is a wizened starlight growing young,
    In which old stars are planets of morning, fresh

    In the brilliantest descriptions of new day,
    Before it comes, the just anticipation

    Of the appropriate creatures, jubilant,
    The forms that are attentive in thin air.


    Description is revelation. It is not
    The thing described, nor false facsimile.

    It is an artificial thing that exists,
    In its own seeming, plainly visible,

    Yet not too closely the double of our lives,
    Intenser than any actual life could be,

    A text we should be born that we might read,
    More explicit than the experience of sun

    And moon, the book of reconciliation,
    Book of a concept only possible

    In description, canon central in itself,
    The thesis of the plentifullest John.


    Thus the theory of description matters most.
    It is the theory of the word for those

    For whom the word is the making of the world,
    The buzzing world and lisping firmament.

    It is a world of words to the end of it,
    In which nothing solid is its solid self.

    As, men make themselves their speech: the hard hidalgo
    Lives in the mountainous character of his speech;

    And in that mountainous mirror Spain acquires
    The knowledge of Spain and of the hidalgo’s hat—

    A seeming of the Spaniard, a style of life,
    The invention of a nation in a phrase,

    In a description hallowed out of hollow-bright,
    The artificer of subjects still half night.

    It matters, because everything we say
    Of the past is description without place, a cast

    Of the imagination, made in sound;
    And because what we say of the future must portend,

    Be alive with its own seemings, seeming to be
    Like rubies reddened by rubies reddening.

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