• Stanzas: Charles Simic

    Austen Leah Rose


    For our Stanzas web feature, we ask writers to introduce us to their favorite poets by way of a handful of lines. This week, Austen Leah Rose, whose poem “Migration” appears in our Spring 2020 issue, examines a stanza from Charles Simic's Paradise Motel"

    With many of us now living through the coronavirus pandemic from the vantage point of our own rooms, eyes open in astonishment, exiled from the places and people that we love, I keep hearing the speaker of Charles Simic’s “Paradise Motel”:

        Millions were dead; everybody was innocent.

    I stayed in my room. The President

    Spoke of war as of a magic love potion.

    My eyes were opened in astonishment.

    In a mirror my face appeared to me

    Like a twice-canceled postage stamp.

    Each line in the opening stanza resembles a stage of grief. First, the tragic event: “Millions were dead; everybody was innocent.” It’s a newspaper headline, vertiginous, a matter-of-fact description of genocide in six words. The power of the stanza is in the simplicity of its syntax. The multisyllabic “millions” and “everybody” empty out into the next line’s thudding, monosyllabic “I stayed in my room.” We hear the door shut. One person. One room. This, too, is where history happens.

    Next the “President” offers a misguided attempt at remedy or recrimination. Then disbelief. A lonely confrontation with a fractured psyche. The speaker’s face appears to him as a “twice-canceled postage stamp,” an image of self-estrangement that may speak to Simic’s own childhood. During World War II, his hometown of Belgrade was bombed by first German and then American forces; his family moved to Paris, then Chicago, making him twice an exile.

    Here, like in many of his poems, the surreal, end-stopped images rise out of the dark without the scaffolding of logic. It’s like the scene in A Wizard of Oz when the tornado strikes and Dorothy hits her head on a windowpane and we’re not sure if what follows is a dream or a dreamlike reality.

    I think about that title, “Paradise Motel,” whenever I park near our apartment in Los Angeles. Across the street, in a strange echo, a pink neon sign reads PARADISE MOTEL; I imagine the rooms as dark, sealed off from sunshine, the motel a place untouched by tragedy.

    Austen Leah Rose is a PhD student at the University of Southern California. Her poems have appeared in Salmagundi, Zyzzyva, the Southern Review, AGNI, Indiana Review, Narrative, and elsewhere. She was the 2018 winner of the Walter Sullivan Award from the Sewanee Review.

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